A good system for budgeting and tracking projects is absolutely essential for every graphic design firm. However, the process of finding the software that’s most appropriate for you can be very confusing. There are lots of competing project management systems out there, and each has different strengths and weaknesses. This research guide will help you sort through the options by asking some key questions and sharing comparative information about several of the systems currently available.
WHAT SERVICES DO YOU PROVIDE?
In contrast, there are tools and practices that are very specific to certain industries. For example, software systems such as Deltek Vision and Axium Ajera have been specifically developed for the daily management of architecture and engineering firms, where projects tend to be quite complex, with very long time frames and many interdependencies.
For managing the daily operations of traditional advertising agencies, there are software systems such as Advantage or ValuClick’s Mediaplex/AdWare. These systems have been tailored to meet specialized needs such as monitoring client retainers, managing large media contracts and tracking groups of insertion orders. There’s a certain amount of overlap between the advertising and design communities—some ad agencies sell design services and some design firms also do advertising. Because of this, a number of software systems are actively marketed to both communities. Several such systems are included in the comparative product information on the following pages.
In the design community, there are also variations in the project management needs of individual disciplines such as print, interactive and product design.
With all of these variations in mind, you will want to find a system that’s a very close fit to the work you do.
ARE YOU AN IN-HOUSE DEPARTMENT OR AN INDEPENDENT CONSULTANCY?
Something that in-house departments definitely do need is an efficient intake process. In companies where recurring projects are quite similar to each other (that is to say, easily definable and repeatable), there may also be an emphasis placed on finding ways to automate portions of the workflow. Systems such as Agency-Central (also sold as Robohead) have been developed for standardizing in-house production processes and efficiently managing the related digital files.
In contrast, independent design firms face a different set of business challenges. The nature of each project varies, which makes production processes less subject to automation. Also, full accounting functionality is an important issue: Design firms must have an efficient way to control their finances and produce their own accrual-based balance sheets and profit-and-loss statements every month.
WHAT ARE YOUR MANAGEMENT NEEDS?
• Customer relationship management (CRM), with detailed contact tracking, mailing lists and reminders for follow-up activities
As you can see, this is quite a long list. So what’s the best way to meet this wide range of business needs? Some firms decide to use separate software in each area. Others seek a more comprehensive system that combines some or all of them. The best approach for you depends, in part, on the size of your firm. This leads to the next question:
HOW LARGE IS YOUR ORGANIZATION?
SMALL Many graphic design firms are small, with less than 10 employees. Small studios can often get by with a manual system, supplemented with a spreadsheet application and e-mail. When choosing business software, the first priorities for a small firm will be: better estimating, better time tracking, more efficient billing and better management of money. At this scale, more advanced software for detailed task scheduling, status reports, resource management and group collaboration will usually not be needed because these issues are being coordinated offline. For most small studios, a comprehensive software system would require too much daily effort just to keep it current.
MID-SIZED As design firms grow beyond 10 employees, they experience a series of growing pains. Project management is one of them. The workload expands to include more projects and, with any luck, projects of larger scope. More people will be involved, and the firm will transition from a single creative team to multiple teams. This makes it important to sort out the hats and be more specific about individual staff responsibilities. At some point, at least one position will be created that’s dedicated to project management full time, and that person will be one of the primary users of a specialized project tracking system.
This brings us to a common mistake: If you own a growing firm and already know your way around a database program like File-Maker, you might be tempted to create your own project tracking system from scratch. Don’t do it! There’s really no need—other people have already solved this problem for you (and, yes, some of them used FileMaker). In mid-sized firms, it’s typical for the planning and tracking system to be used only up to the point of drafting client invoices. Then, key information must jump to the general ledger program being used by the bookkeeper (typically Quickbooks, MYOB or Peachtree/Sage). There might be a oneway link to make it easier to export project data, but it’s also common for data to be posted separately to each system, which can make it difficult to keep them in sync. If you want to see the current totals on a big project, don’t be surprised if each system gives you a different answer.
LARGE As you grow toward 20 people and beyond, you’ll definitely want to combine as many business activities as possible into one comprehensive system. The larger the firm, the stronger the need for an integrated system that can handle many simultaneous users, multiple business units, perhaps even multiple offices. Your overall traffic, resource management and accounting needs will gradually become more complex. You’ll want a system that can easily scale up to keep pace with your continued growth.
WHAT SYSTEMS ARE AVAILABLE?
HISTORY Each product has a different history. Some have been around for a while and others are brand new. Some come directly from software companies. Others were developed first at a design firm or a web shop in order to meet internal needs. Only later were they offered for sale to other firms. If the internal investment was significant, this is a way for the studio to recoup some of its development costs.
ACCOUNTING Programming a proper general ledger is very labor intensive and requires a significant amount of accounting expertise. That’s why systems from design firms and independent FileMaker developers stop short of a general ledger. They need to be used in conjunction with a standard accounting package purchased elsewhere.
PURCHASE VS. SUBSCRIPTION The project management system you select has to fit your budget. Some are sold outright for a one-time purchase price. Others are offered as a monthly online subscription. In both instances, the amount you pay will vary based on the number of simultaneous users that you have. Call the provider to ask about this. The minimum purchase price may be for a single user or it may be for a group of a specified size.
USER SUPPORT In most instances, the basic price will include phone support during the initial setup and orientation period. After that, you may have to rely on e-mail and the “frequently asked questions” section of the provider’s website, unless you pay an additional fee.
CUSTOMIZATION Most of these companies allow for some customization of their systems. They charge for programming services on either an hourly or a fixed-fee basis. Unless you have a really pressing need, however, it’s wise to be cautious about this. In the future, each time you upgrade to a newer version of the software, any past customization may have to be redone.
TEST DRIVES Take the time to test drive each system—many have an online demo available. Apart from differences in functionality, you’ll see variations in quality for both visual design and interaction design.
CHECKING REFERENCES It’s a good idea to speak with other firms using the system you’re considering. Ask if they’re happy with the choice they made, and if the system was easy to get up and running. This leads to one more question:
WHAT’S REQUIRED FOR A SUCCESSFUL IMPLEMENTATION?
Lastly, make sure there’s no backsliding. When the first spike in your client workload comes along, don’t give in to the temptation to do things the old way. Going forward, you must have an unwavering commitment to using the new system fully and consistently —if you’re ever going to gain maximum benefit.
PROJECT MANAGEMENT RESOURCESClients & Profits, Clients & Profits ASAP from Clients & Profits Worldwide
Creative Management from Dynamic Business Solutions
Creative Manager Pro from Creative Manager
JobOrder from Management Software Inc.
Job Tracker from Clients & Profits Worldwide
OmniPilot Agency from OmniPilot Software
Rebus from Rebus Software Inc.
Studio Manager from Tokerud Consulting Group
Studiometry from Oranged Software
TimeFox from FunctionFox Systems
Traffic from Sohnar Limited
Project Management Software For Graphic Design